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Gaki as it appears in Shin Megami Tensei

Preta or Gaki (ガキ?, or 餓鬼?, lit. "Hungry Ogre"), is a demon in the series.


Preta (प्रेत in Sanskrit, Peta in Pali, Yidak (ཡི་དྭགས་) in Tibetan, E-gui (餓鬼) in Chinese, Gaki (餓鬼) in Japanese, usually "Hungry ghost" in English) is a spirit that originates from Buddhist and Hindu texts. Generally, they are the spirits of greedy, jealous or corrupted people who have become, for their negative karma, demons with an insatiable appetite for a particular substance, that can vary from corpses to anything bizarre. In some Buddhism religions, Preta is the name of one of the Six Realms that represent the Six States of Rebirth. In the Chinese traditional religion, they are beings driven by intense emotional needs in an animalistic way. In the modern Japanese language, spoiled children are called "gaki", as a reference to this demon. Preta are described as human-like spirits that are usually invisible to the human eyes depending on their mental state. They have sunken, mummified skin, narrow limbs, an enormously distended belly and a long, thin neck; their appearance, as so, reflect their state of insatiable hunger.

In Japanese art they are represented with bulging stomachs and small mouths and throats or as balls of smoke or fire, and are shown, usually, licking spilled water in temples, accompanied by demons that represent their agony. They dwell in the wastes and in the deserts and usually have problems while dealing with their hunger and end up becoming even more hungry: someone can eat a little, but have difficulties in finding food or drinks or have problems swallowing food; some even find that what they eat seems to burst in flames or see the food they desire vanishing before their eyes.

In Hinduism, their body is composed of Air and Akaash (comparable to aether, black matter or space), and since they are missing three elements (Fire, Water and Earth), physical intake and digestion is not possible for them. They usually suffer similar conditions to those in hell, but they can freely move instead of being confined in a subterranean world. Preta are usually not seen by humans as a nuisance unless their hunger is for blood, though in some other traditions, they prevent others from satisfying their own desire. Many times, though, they are seen as beings to be pitied and, for example, in some monasteries monks leave them some offerings before meals; some Japanese Buddhists also dedicate a day to remember them, as they believe that such offerings and remembrances will, someday, free them from their endless pain.



Shin Megami TenseiEdit

"Origin: Japan. The forms of greedy souls. They have large heads and a thin neck, fat bellies, and shriveled limbs. They are plagued with a hunger that can never be satisfied."
Shin Megami Tensei A-Mode DDS Dictionary

A Preta is the very first demon that the protagonist actually encounters in Shin Megami Tensei, where he attacks a civilian in the Kichijoji Mall and then proceeds to attack the protagonist, leaving the scene after inflicting substantial damage.

This event also leads the hero to obtain his first weapon in the game from the dead man's body — an "Attack Knife"; and his getting wrongly arrested (the fan translation specifies that he was framed by the police for the murder) that leads to his temporary incarceration and meeting the other main characters.

Shin Megami Tensei: 20XX Devil's ColosseumEdit

Gaki is faced as a boss in the tutorial maze. He is far higher leveled than in other games (level 16) and is used to explain Elemental-Based combat.

Shin Megami Tensei III: NocturneEdit

A team of three Pretas is fought in the Shinjuku Hygienic Hospital in order to retrieve a necessary keycard.

Shin Megami Tensei IMAGINEEdit

"The form given to those who are cast down into the Preta Realm, one of the Six Realms of Buddhist scriptures.
Those who lived extravagant lives are said to be cast into the Preta Realm after death. Preta are constantly tormented by hunger and thirst, but whenever they put something to their mouths, it bursts into flame, and so they are eternally deprived of food and drink. Their figures are gaunt, except for their bellies which are strangely swollen.
Shin Megami Tensei IMAGINE Compendium

Gaki can be contracted in Ueno, Suginami, Shinjuku Babel's docks area, Old Tokyo Metro, and the bronze level of Ichigaya Camp. It appears regularly as a tutorial boss and an enemy mob in Virtual Battle, Kuchinawa Cave, the Ichigaya Gold boss room, and some rooms in the Second Home instance. It also plays a central role in the Superficial Contract quest.

Shin Megami Tensei: Strange JourneyEdit

"A ghoulish demon of Buddhist lore. Greedy humans cast into the Preta realm of Hell become these. Their hunger is unrelenting and their suffering continues until they are reincarnated."
Shin Megami Tensei: Strange Journey Compendium

As an enemy, Preta sports the infamous Macca Beam, which reduces the player's total Macca by 20%.


Shin Megami TenseiEdit

Race Alignment Level HP MP CP
Ghost Dark-Chaos 5 25 0 10
NOH Strength Intelligence Magic Vitality Agility Luck
0-1 3 5 3 7 10 4
Attack Hit Defense Evasion MPower MEffect Drop
11 11 15 11 4 5 Tonfa
Resistances Weak to Fire and Expel, resists Ice and Elec
List of Skills
Skill Cost Effect
Feral Claw Extra Claws two enemies. (Dex-type)
Call Ally - Summons reinforcement. (Enemy-only)
Feral Bite Extra Bites one enemy. (Charge-type)

Shin Megami Tensei IIEdit

Race Alignment Level HP MP CP
Haunt Dark-Chaos 3 6 6 1
Strength Intelligence Magic Stamina Agility Luck
2 3 4 3 4 2
NOH Attack Hit Defense Avoid MPower MEffect
10 9 12 9 4 4
List of Skills
Skill Cost Effect
Bite 3% HP Light Rush damage to one foe.
Scratch 5% HP Light Tech attack to 2 foes.
Deathtouch 4 MP Absorbs the enemy's HP.

Shin Megami Tensei: if...Edit

Preta if
Race Level HP MP CP Alignment
Haunt 4 30 6 1 Dark-Chaos
Strength Intelligence Magic Stamina Agility Luck
2 3 4 4 5 2
NOA Attack Hit Defense Avoid MPower MEffect
1 12 12 16 12 4 4
List of Skills
Skill Cost Effect
Bite 3% HP Light Rush damage to one foe.
Scratch 5% HP Light Tech damage to two foes.
Deathtouch 4 MP Absorbs the enemy's HP.
Call Ally - Summon allies (Enemy only)

Shin Megami Tensei III: NocturneEdit

4 Haunt 5 4 5 6 4
Strong Void Drains Repels Weak
- Death - - Magic
Obtainable Full Kagutsuchi recruitment or fusion
List of Skills
Skill Cost Effect Level
Feral Claw 6% HP Small physical damage to one foe. High accuracy. Innate
Sukukaja 12 MP Buffs agility by 1 level, all allies. Innate
Haggle Interrupt Requests target to lower bribe cost. Innate
Agi 3 MP Small fire damage to one foe. 5
Deathtouch 5 MP Drains a small amount of HP from one foe. Almighty-type. 6
Venom Claw 18% HP Medium physical damage and 40% poison to one foe.
High accuracy and medium critical rate.
Fog Breath 30 MP Decreases agility by 2 levels, all foes. 8

Shin Megami Tensei: Strange JourneyEdit

Level Race Alignment HP MP ST MA AG VI LC
6 Haunt Dark-Chaos 79 41 8 5 7 6 2
Attack Type Physical Gun Fire Ice Elec Wind Expel Curse Almighty
Single foe/1/Physical/Poison - - Weak Weak - Weak Weak Strong -
Poison Paralyze Stone Strain Sleep Charm Mute Fear Bomb Rage
100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% Weak (300%) 100% 100% 100%
Natural Skills
Tarunda Feral Claw -
D-Source Skills
Toxic Cloud - -
Item Drops
Haunt Ball Life Stone Revival Bead


Shin Megami Tensei IVEdit

Ghost 12 154 68 18 17 17 21 18
Physical Phys Gun Gun Fire Fire Ice Ice Elec Elec Force Force Light Light Dark Dark
- - Weak Null - Weak Weak Null
Ailment resistance None
Normal attack Physical, one hit, one enemy
List of Skills
Skill Cost Effect Level
Life Drain 5 MP Drains small amount of HP from one foe. Innate
Bad Company 15 MP Summons highest level demons from the stock. Innate
Resist Fire Auto Reduces fire damage. 14

Last Bible IIIEdit

Preta LB3
Level HP MP Attack Defense
3 29 11 7 9
Strength Endurance Intelligence Speed Luck
7 8 8 9 8
Equipment Arm, Armor, Accessory Card Location Battle
List of Skills

Shin Megami Tensei: Devil SummonerEdit

Race Level HP MP CP NOA
Haunt 4 28 11 6 1
Strength Intelligence Magic Endurance Agility Luck
3 3 4 4 4 3
Personality Phys Attack Phys Hit Base Defense Avoid Mgc Attack Mgc Defense
Impatient 14 10 16 10 9 8
List of Skills
Charm Bite - -

Devil Summoner: Soul HackersEdit

Preta DSSH
Race Level HP MP CP MAG Summon
Haunt 3 43 27 1 72
Strength Intelligence Magic Endurance Agility Luck
4 3 3 3 3 4
Personality Phys Attack Phys Hit Mgc Attack Mgc Hit Base Defense Avoid
Dumb 14 6 25 8 28 6
Resist Void Absorb Reflect Weak
- Death - - Expel
List of Skills

Devil Summoner 2: Raidou Kuzunoha vs King AbaddonEdit

Level Order HP ST MA VI LU Conversation Investigation
4 Frost 104 7 7 5 5 Extortion Cool Down
Resists Block Absorbs Weak Frail
- Ice, Death - Force Electric, Fire
List of Skills
Skill Cost Effect Level
Bufu 8 MAG Light Ice dmg to an enemy. Stun:Short Innate
Makajam 16 MAG Light Mind dmg to an area +Mute(Med) 5
Finders Keepers Passive Find items while walking Max Loyalty

Giten Megami Tensei: Tokyo MokushirokuEdit

Race Alignment Level HP MP
Haunt Dark-Chaos 4 34 25
CP Intuition Will Power Magic Intelligence Divine Protection
7 6 5 7 7 5
Strength Stamina Agility Dexterity Charm
10 9 11 8 3
List of Skills
Death Touch Scratch Scorn
Poison Bite Shibabu Jibaku

Megami Ibunroku PersonaEdit

Preta P1
Order Level Type Subtype MAtk MDef
Haunt 3 Dark Curse 22 19
HP SP St Vi Dx Ag Lu
30 15 3 4 2 2 2
Traits Gloomy, Timid Drops Dis-Poison
1h 2h Sp Ax Wp Th Ar Fs HG MG SG Ri Te Ru
- - - - - - - Wk 200%Rp 200%Rp 200%Rp 200%Rp - -
Fi Ic Wi Er El Nc Bl Gr Ex Mi De Cu Nr ???
Rs Rs Rs Rs Rs Rs Rs Rs Wk Wk 50%Rp Rs Nu -
List of Skills
Skill Effect
Feral Bite Light Rush damage (1 foe)
Poison Claw Light Tech damage+Poison (1 foe)
Deathtouch Lowers experience (1 foe)

Digital Devil Saga: Avatar TunerEdit

Level Race HP MP Drops
3 3 36 16
Resists Void Absorbs Reflects Weak
- - - - Fire, Earth
List of Skills
Skill Effect
Zio Light Electric damage to one enemy
Zan Light Force damage to one enemy
Body Rush Light Physical damage to one enemy
Reinforcements Summons another Preta to battle


Gaki as it appears in Shin Megami Tensei: Devil Summoner.
Preta as it appears in Shin Megami Tensei III: Nocturne.
Gaki 03
Preta as it appears in Shin Megami Tensei IMAGINE
LB3 Gaki
Preta's sprite in Last Bible III

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